The city of Mucugê is one of the oldest in the Chapada Diamantina region. Of previous indigenous occupation, was founded at the end of the 18th century. It has, as a striking feature, the ancient colonial Portuguese-style houses. The place was a very important commercial center in the 19th century: the economy of the time revolved around gold mining and, above all, diamonds. It is said that, due to the importance of the city at that time, Mucugê even had an "embassy" of France.
Reports of the oldest elders in the region claim that the Mucugê of the 19th century, at its economic peak, came to house a number close to 30,000 people, and that, after the decline of mining activity, the population plummeted dramatically to reach very close to what it is today, with the period of greatest population decline in the 1980s. Already in the years 1990, the population grew again due to the impetus of tourism and highly mechanized business agriculture brought by large groups of entrepreneurs from the south of the country, from the interior of the state of São Paulo and some foreign groups, such as Japanese.
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